Ricketts DE-254 - Historia

Ricketts DE-254 - Historia


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Ricketts

(DE-254: dp. 1,200,1. 306 ', b. 36'7 "s. 21 k .; epl. 186; a. 3 3" 2 40 mm., 8 20 mm., 3 21 "tt., 2 dct., 8 dcp., 1 dcp. (hh.), cl. Edsall)

Rieketts (DE-254), una escolta de destructores, fue depositado el 16 de marzo de 1943 por Brown Shipbuilding Co., Houston, Texas; lanzado el 10 de mayo de 1943; patrocinado por la Sra. Milton E. Rieketts, viuda del Teniente Rieketts; y comisionado el 5 de octubre de 1943 en Houston, Lt. Comdr. Glenn L. Rollins, USCG, al mando.

Después de equiparse en Galveston, Texas, y Argel, Luisiana, Ricketts navegó a las Bermudas para el shakedown. Llegó a Charleston, Carolina del Sur, el 28 de noviembre de 1943, escoltando al mercante SS Braga. Tras la revisión posterior al shakedown, la escolta se puso en marcha el 9 de diciembre para New York Citv, donde se unió a un convoy con destino al norte de África. El convoy despejó el día 14, pero Rieketts retrasó su salida hasta el día siguiente para esperar a que dos buques mercantes se cargaran tarde.

Los tres barcos se incorporaron al grueso del convoy el 20 de diciembre y continuaron rumbo a Casablanea, Moroceo francés. Ricketts regresó a Nueva York el 24 de enero de 1944, completando así su única carrera en convoy hacia el Mediterráneo.

Ricketts zarpó de Nueva York el 22 de febrero de 1944 en el primero de los 12 viajes de escolta al norte de Europa y viceversa. Vio un estallido de llamas en el convoy a las 2035 en la noche tormentosa del 25 de febrero. Dos buques mercantes, El Coston y Murfreesboro, chocaron y ambos barcos sufrieron graves daños y se incendiaron. Ricketts arrebató a 33 supervivientes del mar, que estaba cubierto de gasolina en llamas. IIer oficial al mando fue galardonado con la Estrella de Bronce por su participación en este atrevido rescate, y otros dos oficiales y seis hombres alistados recibieron la Medalla de la Armada y el Cuerpo de Infantería de Marina.

Al reincorporarse al convoy, Ricketts recibió al capitán John Rountree, comandante de la División 20 de Eseort, cuando su propio buque insignia, Marchand (DE-249) partió para escoltar a El Coston, gravemente dañado, a las Bermudas. El convoy continuó hacia Lough Fovle, Irlanda del Norte, y Ricketts ancló en Lisahally del 6 al 12 de marzo. Luego navegó con un convoy de regreso a Nueva York que llegó el 22 de marzo.

Ricketts realizó otros 11 viajes de escolta de ida y vuelta: primero desde Nueva York a Lough Foyle y viceversa (6 de abril-3 de mayo de 1944); luego de Nueva York a Lough Foyle a Boston (21 de mayo a 17 de junio de 1944); seguido de tres viajes desde Nueva York a Lough Foyle y viceversa (2 a 27 de julio; 11 de agosto a 5 de septiembre y 20 de septiembre a 16 de octubre de 1944). Otros fueron de Nueva York al río Clyde, Escocia, y regresaron (del 7 de noviembre al 7 de diciembre); de Nueva York a Cherburgo, Francia y Portland, Inglaterra, y viceversa (26 de diciembre de 1944-23 de enero de 1945); de Nueva York a Le Havre, Francia y Southampton, Inglaterra, y viceversa (31 de marzo a 30 de abril de 1945); y de Nueva York a Southampton y viceversa (20 de mayo a 11 de junio de 1945).

Ricketts zarpó de Nueva York el 19 de junio de 1945 con el resto de la División 20 de Eseort para el Pacífico. Después de ejercicios en la Bahía de Chesapeake y entrenamiento de actualización en la Bahía de Guantánamo, Cuba, transitó el Canal de Panamá el 7 de julio. Ella le gritó

San Diego, California, para una visita de 5 días y partió el 20 de julio, navegando de forma independiente hacia Pearl Harbor y llegando una semana después. Siguió un mes de entrenamiento intensivo en aguas hawaianas. Zarpó hacia Eniwetok el 27 de agosto en compañía de otros nueve escoltas oceánicos, y llegó allí el 3 de septiembre.

Con la orden de aceptar la rendición y ayudar a establecer la ocupación de guarniciones japonesas aisladas, Ricketts se puso en marcha para Kusaie, las Carolinas una semana después para ayudar en el desarme de los japoneses en esa isla evitada y para establecer un gobierno militar. El deber adicional incluía la repatriación de los nativos de Ponape y Kusaie a sus islas de origen.

Al regresar a Eniwetok el 14 de octubre, Ricketts permaneció patrullando allí hasta el 3 de noviembre, cuando partió hacia Pearl Harbor. Después del entrenamiento en Pearl Harbor del 9 al 24 de noviembre, continuó hasta San Diego, donde llegó el último día del mes. A continuación, despejó el puerto el 2 de diciembre de 1945, tomó pasajeros en Coco Solo, Zona del Canal de Panamá, y llegó al Brooklyn Navy Yard el 16 de diciembre. Al salir del puerto de Nueva York el 21 de enero de 1946, informó de la inactivación en Green Cove Springs, Florida.

Al llegar a Green Cove Springs el 23 de enero, se dio de baja y se unió al Grupo Florlda, Flota de Reserva Atlántica, el 17 de abril de 1946. RickeUs permaneció en estado de reserva, atracado en Green Cove Springs, en 1961, cuando se trasladó al Grupo de Texas, Flota de Reserva Atlántica, Orange, Texas. Permaneció atracada en Orange, Texas, hasta que fue vendida para su desguace el 18 de enero de 1974 a Andy International, Ine., De Brownsville, Texas.


Waco, Texas

Waco (/ ˈ w eɪ k oʊ / MANERA -koh) es la sede del condado de McLennan, Texas, Estados Unidos. [6] Está situado a lo largo del río Brazos y la I-35, a medio camino entre Dallas y Austin. La ciudad tenía una población de 124,805 en 2010, lo que la convierte en la 22ª ciudad más poblada del estado. [7] La ​​población estimada de 2019 para la ciudad fue de 139.236. [8] El área estadística metropolitana de Waco se compone de los condados de McLennan y Falls, que en 2010 tenían una población de 234.906. [9] El condado de Falls se agregó a la Waco MSA en 2013. La estimación de población del censo de EE. UU. De 2019 para el área metropolitana de Waco fue 273,920. [10]


Medalla de Honor

El Presidente de los Estados Unidos de América, en nombre del Congreso, se enorgullece de presentar la Medalla de Honor (póstumamente) al Teniente Milton Ernest Ricketts (NSN: 0-75002), Marina de los Estados Unidos, por su extraordinaria y distinguida galantería por encima y por más allá del llamado del deber como oficial a cargo del grupo de reparación de ingeniería del USS YORKTOWN en acción contra las fuerzas enemigas japonesas en la Batalla del Mar del Coral el 8 de mayo de 1942. Durante el intenso bombardeo de YORKTOWN por las fuerzas enemigas japonesas, una bomba aérea atravesó y explotó directamente debajo del compartimiento en el que se encontraba la estación de batalla del Teniente Ricketts. localizado, matando, hiriendo o aturdiendo a todos sus hombres y hiriéndolo mortalmente. A pesar de su fuerza menguante, el teniente Ricketts abrió rápidamente la válvula de una toma de fuego cercana, sacó parcialmente la manguera de incendios y dirigió una gran corriente de agua al fuego antes de caer muerto junto a la manguera. Su acción valiente, que sin duda impidió la rápida propagación del fuego en proporciones serias, y su inquebrantable devoción al deber estaban en consonancia con las más altas tradiciones del Servicio Naval de los Estados Unidos. Galantemente dio su vida por su país.

Fecha de acción: 8 de mayo de 42
Servicio: Marina
Rango: Teniente
División: U.S.S. Yorktown (CV-5)


Desembarcar: Operaciones navales en Casco Bay durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial (Parte II)

(Esta es la segunda de una serie de publicaciones de blog que analizan el papel que desempeñó Casco Bay durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Esta es la Parte I de la serie. & # 8220Yendo a tierra & # 8221 son las publicaciones recopiladas de George Stewart, Capitán de la Marina retirado y voluntario del blog de la NHF. Lea la primera publicación AQUÍ).

En 1942, la Batalla del Atlántico estaba en pleno apogeo. Las instalaciones en Casco Bay eran completamente funcionales con la excepción de una base de hidroaviones y el Navy Fuel Annex en Long Island, los cuales estaban todavía en construcción. Como se mencionó anteriormente, las funciones principales de la base naval eran proporcionar capacitación, actualización y entrenamiento ASW especializado para los barcos DESLANT. Los acorazados y cruceros también utilizaron las instalaciones con fines de entrenamiento. Al menos una licitación de destructor siempre estaría disponible para proporcionar reparaciones y mantenimiento a los barcos según sea necesario. La base también actuó como un área de preparación para los barcos asignados a la escolta de convoyes y patrullas antisubmarinas en el Atlántico norte y a lo largo de la costa este. Las responsabilidades del Comandante de la Frontera del Mar del Este iban desde la frontera canadiense hasta Jacksonville, Florida, y hasta 200 millas de la costa. Estaba basado en 90 Church Street en Nueva York.

El entrenamiento Shakedown ocurre poco después de que un barco ha sido comisionado. En aquellos días, por lo general solo duraba entre siete y diez días. Fue entonces cuando la tripulación del barco pudo ejercer todas las funciones principales del barco por primera vez. El entrenamiento generalmente consistía en disparar en vivo los cañones del barco y otros sistemas de armas, control de daños y simulacros de control de accidentes de ingeniería, anclaje y amarre a una boya, atraque y desacoplamiento sin asistencia, reabastecimiento de combustible en curso, remolque y ser remolcado, y una variedad de otros ejercicios bajo la atenta mirada de los instructores del Fleet Training Group. Fue un período muy intenso. Durante la guerra, habría sido doblemente así, debido al limitado tiempo disponible y la necesidad urgente de barcos en línea. La formación de actualización fue de un alcance similar. Se llevó a cabo después de que un barco atravesara un importante período en los astilleros. Durante la guerra, se llevó a cabo un entrenamiento de repaso y actualización en los barcos construidos en la Costa Este en Casco Bay, la Base de Operaciones Naval de Bermuda o en la Bahía de Guantánamo. Después de la guerra, todas estas funciones fueron manejadas en "GTMO" para los barcos de la Flota Atlántica.

Los destructores, los tipos de escolta de destructores y otras embarcaciones con capacidad antisubmarina también se sometieron a entrenamiento ASW especializado. Gran parte de este entrenamiento se llevó a cabo en Casco Bay, donde los submarinos de entrenamiento se podían proporcionar fácilmente desde New London. Las condiciones eran similares a las que encontrarían en el Atlántico norte. Estos submarinos eran normalmente tipos más antiguos que se remontan a la Primera Guerra Mundial, aunque los submarinos italianos capturados estuvieron disponibles para realizar esta función más adelante en la guerra.

La base de datos contiene registros de 149 buques que visitaron Casco Bay en 1942. Estos incluyen los nuevos acorazados USS Washington (BB 56), USS Dakota del Sur (BB 57), USS Indiana (BB 58) y USS Massachusetts (BB 59), además de acorazados más antiguos como el USS Arkansas (BB 33) y USS Texas (BB 35). El portaaviones USS Avispa (CV 7) llegó justo antes de su transferencia al Pacífico. Los ochenta y dos destructores de la lista eran, con mucho, el grupo más grande de barcos de la lista. Parece que al menos cincuenta y nueve de ellos estaban allí para ser atacados. La mayoría de estos fueron Benson, Gleaves, y Fletcher tipos construidos durante las primeras etapas de la guerra en los astilleros de la costa este. Los veintiún Fletchers fueron considerados los tipos de destructores "de primera línea" en ese momento. Casi todos los barcos de esta clase que se entrenaron en Casco Bay durante la guerra fueron inmediatamente programados para el servicio en el Pacífico, donde más se necesitaban.

En general, 1942 fue un año muy malo para la Armada de los Estados Unidos en la Batalla del Atlántico. Los alemanes se refirieron a ella como su "tiempo feliz". Todo eso estaba a punto de cambiar en 1943.

Ese año comenzó mal para la armada en el Atlántico con la ofensiva de submarinos alcanzando su punto máximo en marzo de 1943. Sin embargo, las cosas mejorarían en abril. Se considera que el período comprendido entre abril y noviembre de 1943 es el momento en que la ofensiva alemana de submarinos fue derrotada y la batalla del Atlántico ganó. Después de eso, la Armada alemana nunca pudo montar una ofensiva submarina efectiva fuera de sus aguas de origen. La principal razón de este cambio fue la mejora de la coordinación entre los diversos grupos que tenían la responsabilidad del esfuerzo antisubmarino.

Un factor vital en este giro de los acontecimientos fue el éxito de los grupos de cazadores-asesinos, liderados por los portaaviones de escolta (CVE). Varios de estos portaaviones se convirtieron a partir de cascos de barcos mercantes. El año 1943 también vio la introducción de un nuevo tipo de barco, el Destroyer Escort (DE). Estos barcos solo tenían una velocidad máxima de 20 a 24 nudos. Esto fue adecuado para propósitos ASW, ya que los Destroyer Escorts tenían un radio de giro más estrecho que sus contrapartes destructores. No fue hasta el otoño de 1943 que Destroyer Escorts aparecería en algo parecido a la cantidad deseada. Esto liberó a los destructores de la Flota Atlántica para apoyar las invasiones del norte de África, Sicilia e Italia o para el servicio en el Pacífico donde se requerían con mayor urgencia. Muchos DD y DE que hicieron escala en Casco Bay durante 1943 sirvieron como miembros de grupos de cazadores-asesinos o apoyaron las invasiones antes mencionadas.

La batalla del Atlántico en cifras:

  • 1939 (4 meses) - 810 barcos aliados hundidos, 9 submarinos perdidos
  • 1940 & # 8211 4407 barcos aliados hundidos, 22 submarinos perdidos
  • 1941 & # 8211 4398 Buques aliados hundidos, 35 submarinos perdidos
  • 1942 & # 8211 8245 barcos aliados hundidos, 85 submarinos perdidos
  • 1943-3611 barcos aliados hundidos, 237 submarinos perdidos

Los alemanes no pudieron soportar esta tasa de pérdidas. El submarino de la Segunda Guerra Mundial tenía una serie de limitaciones operativas. Uno de los principales fue sus limitaciones de resistencia provocadas por la necesidad de salir a la superficie para recargar baterías y velocidades máximas bajo el agua de aproximadamente 6 nudos. Los submarinos podían mantener una velocidad de unos 17 nudos en la superficie. Esta velocidad les permitió correr más rápido que los escoltas costeros como los barcos Eagle construidos en la Primera Guerra Mundial y los yates convertidos. Pero la velocidad en la superficie demostró ser de poca utilidad contra los aviones.

A medida que mejoraba la eficacia de los aviones de patrulla con base en tierra, era posible proporcionar una buena cobertura, especialmente durante las horas del día. La capacidad de los aviones para detectar submarinos sumergidos era muy limitada. Se realizaron algunas mejoras con la invención del detector de anomalías magnéticas (MAD). La invención del radar también mejoró en gran medida la capacidad de detectar un submarino en la superficie durante la noche.

Una limitación importante de los aviones en tierra era su alcance relativamente limitado. Por lo tanto, había grandes lagunas en medio del océano donde la cobertura de aviones no estaba disponible. Gran parte de la razón del cambio radical de 1943 durante la Batalla del Atlántico fue la efectividad de los grupos de cazadores-asesinos construidos alrededor de los CVE y sus escoltas, que pudieron llenar la mayoría de estos vacíos.

Un equipo barco-avión sigue siendo la forma más eficaz de detectar y matar submarinos. Los barcos ofrecen capacidad de detección y pueden permanecer en la estación durante largos períodos de tiempo, mientras que las aeronaves ofrecen una respuesta rápida y la capacidad de superar fácilmente a los submarinos y entregar armas. La práctica moderna es que los destructores y fragatas lleven helicópteros ASW especializados denominados LAMPS (sistemas ligeros multiusos aerotransportados).

Una gran ventaja de los tipos CVE y DE fue que ambos se producían fácilmente y eran relativamente baratos en comparación con los portaaviones y destructores de tamaño completo.

Un total de 191 barcos en la base de datos se muestran visitando Casco Bay en 1943. Estos incluyen los acorazados USS Nueva York (BB 34), USS Texas (BB 35), USS Dakota del Sur (BB 57), USS Massachusetts (BB59), USS Alabama (BB 60), USS Iowa (BB 61) y USS New Jersey (BB 62) y el portaaviones USS guardabosque (CV 4). Había 104 destructores en la lista, cuarenta de los cuales eran Fletcher barcos de clase con destino al Pacífico después del shakedown. Esta fue la primera vez que los nuevos Destroyer Escorts aparecieron en la lista con veintidós visitas registradas durante 1943. La mayoría de estos barcos estaban destinados a grupos de cazadores-asesinos en el Atlántico o tareas de escolta de convoyes en el Atlántico norte o el Mediterráneo.

————————————–
George W. Stewart es un capitán retirado de la Marina de los EE. UU. Se graduó en 1956 de la Academia Marítima de Massachusetts. Durante sus 30 años de carrera naval, ocupó dos mandos de buques y sirvió un total de 8 años en juntas de inspección de material naval, durante los cuales realizó pruebas e inspecciones a bordo de más de 200 buques de guerra. Desde su retiro del servicio naval activo en 1986, ha trabajado en la industria del diseño de barcos, donde se ha especializado en el desarrollo de diseños conceptuales de sistemas de propulsión y potencia, algunos de los cuales han entrado en servicio activo. Actualmente tiene el título de Ingeniero Marino Jefe en Marine Design Dynamics.


Monumento al Teniente Milton Ernest Ricketts

En memoria del teniente Milton Ernest Ricketts, Marina de los Estados Unidos, del 7 de agosto de 1913 al 8 de mayo de 1942. El teniente Ricketts del condado de Baltimore murió en acción durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial, a bordo del portaaviones USS Yorktown (CV 5), en la batalla. del Mar de Coral el 8 de mayo de 1942. El presidente Franklin D. Roosevelt le otorgó póstumamente la Medalla de Honor del Congreso por su servicio más allá del llamado del deber. Un buque de escolta destructor, el USS Ricketts (DE 254), fue encargado en su honor el 5 de octubre de 1943.

Erigido en 1994 por la Asociación de Marineros Destructores-Escolta de Maryland, Inc.

Temas y series. Este monumento se incluye en estas listas de temas: Héroes y Bull War, World II y Bull Waterways & Vessels. Además, está incluido en las listas de la serie de ex presidentes de los EE. UU .: # 32 Franklin D. Roosevelt y de los destinatarios de la medalla de honor.

Localización. 39 & deg 26.412 & # 8242 N, 76 & deg 45.996 & # 8242 W. Marker se encuentra en Owings Mills, Maryland, en el condado de Baltimore. El monumento está en Garrison Forest Road. El teniente Milton E. Ricketts se encuentra en el cementerio de veteranos de Garrison Forest cerca de la entrada principal. Toque para ver el mapa. El marcador se encuentra en esta área de la oficina postal: Owings Mills MD 21117, Estados Unidos de América. Toque para obtener instrucciones.

Otros marcadores cercanos. Al menos otros 8 marcadores se encuentran a 2 millas de este marcador, medidos en línea recta. Cementerio de Veteranos del Estado de Maryland (aquí, junto a este marcador)

Veterans Memorial en Maryland State Veterans Cemetery-Garrison Forest (a pocos pasos de este marcador) VFW War Memorial (a una distancia de gritos de este marcador) World War I Memorial (a unos 400 pies de distancia, medido en línea directa) Jewish Armed Forces Memorial ( aproximadamente 0,6 millas de distancia) Hodgepodge Lodge para una nueva generación (aproximadamente 0,6 millas de distancia) Gwynnbrook State Farm No. 1 (aproximadamente 0,8 millas de distancia) En memoria de William Maxwell Wood, MD (aproximadamente 1,3 millas de distancia). Toque para obtener una lista y un mapa de todos los marcadores en Owings Mills.

Respecto al monumento al teniente Milton Ernest Ricketts. El nombre del teniente Milton E. Ricketts está inscrito en el "Muro de los desaparecidos", cementerio de ABMC Manila. MEDALLA DE MENCIÓN DE HONOR: Rango y organización: Teniente, Marina de los EE. UU. Nacido: 5 de agosto de 1913, Baltimore, Maryland. Nombrado en: Maryland. Mención: Por una galantería extraordinaria y distinguida más allá del llamado del deber como Oficial a Cargo del Grupo de Reparación de Ingeniería del U.S.S. Yorktown en acción contra las fuerzas enemigas japonesas en la Batalla del Mar del Coral el 8 de mayo de 1942. Durante el severo bombardeo de Yorktown

por las fuerzas enemigas japonesas, una bomba aérea atravesó y explotó directamente debajo del compartimiento en el que se encontraba la estación de batalla del teniente Ricketts, matando, hiriendo o aturdiendo a todos sus hombres y hiriéndolo mortalmente. A pesar de su fuerza menguante, el teniente Ricketts rápidamente abrió la válvula de una toma de fuego cercana, sacó parcialmente la manguera de incendios y dirigió una pesada corriente de agua al fuego antes de caer muerto junto a la manguera. Su acción valiente, que sin duda impidió la rápida propagación del fuego en proporciones serias, y su inquebrantable devoción al deber estaban en consonancia con las más altas tradiciones del Servicio Naval de los Estados Unidos. Galantemente dio su vida por su país.

Ver también . . . USS Ricketts (DE-254). (Presentado el 18 de marzo de 2014 por Richard E. Miller de Oxon Hill, Maryland.)


MOLER

La parroquia de Grindon contenía en 1831 los municipios de Grindon y Whitton. Whitton ahora se ha transferido a Stillington, mientras que el municipio de Embleton de la parroquia de Sedgefield se agregó a Grindon en 1908. La parroquia contiene 4.275 acres de Grindon, 1.037 acres están en cultivo, 1.927 bajo césped, mientras que hay 845 acres de bosques y plantaciones. . (nota 1) Los principales cultivos que se cultivan son el trigo, la avena y la cebada. La pendiente de la parroquia es de noroeste a sureste. El suelo es mixto, en Caliza Magnesiana y Marga Keuper.

No hay, y aparentemente nunca ha existido, una aldea de Grindon. Las ruinas de la antigua iglesia de St. Thomas of Canterbury se encuentran en una carretera que cruza la parroquia de oeste a este y se convierte en un camino que atraviesa Wynyard Park hasta la sede del marqués de Londonderry. Wynyard Park, que se extiende sobre 325 acres, contiene varios lagos. La casa es un gran edificio de dos plantas de estilo clásico, con pórtico sostenido por columnas corintias. Su construcción se inició en 1841, tras un incendio el 19 de febrero del mismo año, en el que la antigua casa, que recién se había comenzado a construir en 1822 con los diseños de Philip Wyatt, y que estaba casi terminada, fue destruida. Surtees, escribiendo alrededor de 1823, describe la casa más antigua como "una de las mansiones más hermosas y convenientes del distrito," en pie "sin muchas ventajas de perspectiva". (nota 2) La capilla, diseñada por James Brooks, fue construida en 1880 y modificada y ampliada en 1903–5. La galería de esculturas mide 120 pies de largo por 80 pies de ancho. En el terreno más alto del parque hay un obelisco de 127 pies de altura, erigido para conmemorar la visita del duque de Wellington en 1827.

Fulthorpe es una granja al suroeste de Wynyard Park. Más lejos en esta dirección, y aproximadamente a una milla al sur de Grindon Old Church, se encuentra el pueblo de Thorpe Thewles. Se encuentra en un terreno muy bajo cerca de Thorpe Beck, en la carretera principal de Durham a Stockton. Los topónimos del siglo XII en Thorpe Thewles incluyen Hundeflat, Rietofts, Denemuthe, Laitholf, Childrelane, Paddocnol, Standandestan, Lederodes, Superveneland, Crosfurlang, Hecleve, Rrther, Scrogmedene, Blaikeshope. Thorpe Thewles Cross se menciona en el mismo período. (nota 3)

El Vane Arms Inn, en el pueblo de Thorpe Thewles, es una pintoresca casa de ladrillo de dos pisos con tejado a dos aguas curvo y tejas rojas interrumpidas por una gran chimenea. Pertenece a la primera mitad del siglo XVIII y antiguamente estaba encalada. (Nota 4) Últimamente ha sido restaurada y desbastada, renovando todas las ventanas. Aparentemente, esta es la casa que Surtees supuso que había sido la residencia de la familia Kendal. (nota 5)

La moderna iglesia de Thorpe Thewles se encuentra en el extremo este de la calle del pueblo, cerca del ferrocarril. El ramal de Stockton y Ferry Hill del ferrocarril de Londres y el noreste corre de sur a norte a través de la parroquia y tiene una estación en Thorpe Thewles, un poco al norte del pueblo.

Un anuncio de 1623 describe este distrito así: `` Estos señoríos y landes severall de Fulthrop, Winyard y Thorpthules doe lejía muy comodically gozándose unos a otros, fructíferos de suelo y agradable de situación, y tan bewtified y adornado con bosques y arboledas como noe landes en esa parte del país comparable a ellos. (nota 6) Los campos comunes de Thorpe Thewles estaban encerrados en la época de Isabel, (nota 7) los de Whitton poco antes de 1617 (nota 8).

En 1922 se construyó un salón parroquial.

SEÑORÍAS

La aldea de MOLER se ha adjuntado a lo largo de su historia a la mansión de Fulthorpe. (nota 9) En marzo de 1336-7, se descubrió que Roger de Fulthorpe tenía una tercera parte del vill in chief a una renta gratuita de 8D. (nota 10) Su nieto Alan posiblemente pudo haber sido el 'Adam Fulford' quien alrededor de 1384 tenía toda la villa por un alquiler de 2s. (Nota 11) En las posteriores inquisiciones de la familia Fulthorpe, la extensión de la aldea se da como 10 tofts y alrededor de 180 acres. (nota 12)

Grindon: The Vane Arms en el pueblo de Thorpe Thewles

La mansión de FULTHORPE se llevó a cabo desde el período más antiguo para el que hay pruebas de una familia de ese nombre. Roger de Fulthorpe y Roger, su hijo, son testigos de las cartas de Finchale a principios del siglo XIII. (nota 13) El joven Roger tuvo un hijo Adam, (nota 14) probablemente el hijo Adam de Roger de Fulthorpe, kt., quien estaba involucrado en un acuerdo sobre la tierra en Thrislington en 1262 (nota 15). le sucedió Roger, probablemente su hijo, (nota 16) que murió en marzo de 1336-7. (Nota 17) Se dijo entonces que Roger se había apoderado de una parte de la mansión de Fulthorpe, que se mantenía en jefe por la duodécima parte de los honorarios de un caballero. (Nota 18) Ésta era la cantidad normal de servicio de caballero debido a la mansión, la cual pertenecía en su totalidad a los descendientes de Roger. (nota 19) Alan, hijo de Roger y heredero, tuvo éxito cuando aún era menor de edad (nota 20) murió en o alrededor de 1374, dejando un hijo y heredero, otro Alan, menor de edad. (Nota 21) El joven Alan murió apoderado de toda la mansión en o alrededor de 1407, dejando un hijo Thomas, de catorce años. (Nota 22) Thomas tenía librea en 1409, y en 1415 estableció la mansión para él y su esposa Margaret, hija de Thomas de Crathorne y su descendencia. (nota 23) Murió en 1439 (nota 24) y Margaret sólo vivió hasta octubre del año siguiente. (nota 25) Su hijo y heredero era Thomas, entonces menor de edad, (nota 26) quien dejó un hijo Alan. (nota 27) Alan murió en 1485, cuando su hijo y heredero Christopher tenía veinte años. (nota 28) Christopher instaló la mansión en febrero de 1514–5 con su hijo James y Elizabeth Place, su esposa, por sus vidas y la vida del sobreviviente. (Nota 29) Posteriormente volvió a los herederos de su hijo mayor John, quien murió en 1556, dejando a las hijas y coherederos Anne y Cecily. (nota 30) Se casaron respectivamente con Francis y Christopher, hermanos de la familia de Wandesford de Kirklington. (nota 31) En 1566, la mitad de la mansión de Fulthorpe se estableció en Christopher Wandesforde y su esposa Cecily, y el resto en Francis, Henry y Thomas Wandesforde, sus hijos en la cola. (Nota 32) En 1586, sin embargo, se hizo una partición de las tierras de John Fulthorpe entre Christopher y Francis Wandesforde, esposo e hijo de Cecily, y Anne Nevill, viuda de Francis Wandesforde, y su hijo Christopher. Por este acuerdo, Ana recibió por su parte, Entre otros, la mansión de Fulthorpe y Grindon, que ella instaló para su propio uso de por vida y el resto para su hijo Sir Christopher Wandesforde. (nota 33) Sir George, hijo de Christopher, la vendió en 1596 a Thomas Blakiston de Blakiston, (nota 34), quien en 1617 se la entregó a Arthur y Humphrey Robinson. (nota 35) Diecinueve años después Arthur Robinson, con Henry Robinson, mayor, su hermano, y Henry, hijo y heredero de Henry Robinson, se lo transmitieron a Alexander Davison, (nota 36) quien adquirió la mansión de Blakiston aproximadamente en el Mismo tiempo. Fulthorpe fue secuestrado en 1644 por la delincuencia de Alexander Davison y su hijo Thomas. (nota 37) Thomas estaba en posesión de la mansión en 1657, (nota 38) y parece haber seguido posteriormente el descenso de Blakiston. El actual propietario es el vizconde Boyne.

Fulthorpe. Argent a millrind cross sable.

La aldea de THORPE THEWLES (Thorp, siglo xii - xiii. Thorpp Thewles, 1265 Thorpe Theules, siglo xiv.) Perteneció en el siglo XII a la familia de Thorpe. El Geoffrey de Thorpe, quien en 1166 tenía la mitad de los honorarios de un caballero en el obispado, (nota 39) probablemente era el señor de esta mansión, y quizás era idéntico a Geoffrey, hijo de Godfrey de Thorpe, quien entre 1180 y 1194 otorgó a su hermana Maud 3 cuadrillas de tierra aquí. (Nota 40) Juan, hijo de Geoffrey de Thorpe, concedió subvenciones al Priorato de Finchale en los primeros años del siglo XIII y respondió por la mitad de los honorarios de un caballero en la feociación del obispo de 1249-1260. (nota 41) Tenía dos hijos, Geoffrey y William, de los cuales Geoffrey parece haber sido el mayor. (nota 42) Geoffrey confirmó las subvenciones a Finchale (nota 43) y aparentemente murió sin descendencia. Su hermano William (nota al pie 44) concedió tierras en Thorpe Thewles a Alan de Thorpe, secretario, quien en 1265 se las concedió a Finchale Priory. (nota 45) El heredero de William era su hijo Robert de Thorpe, (nota 46) cuya viuda Aveline en 1305 tenía un tercio de la casa en dote. (Nota 47) Las dos terceras partes restantes estaban en manos del obispo, presumiblemente por renuncia, y toda la mansión fue reclamada ya en 1304 por John, hijo de John de Maidstone, como herencia de su padre. (Nota 48) La defensa del obispo fue que Juan era un bastardo. (Nota 49) En 1307, el asunto se resolvió mediante una liberación al obispo Bek de John de Maidstone. (nota 50)

La historia de la mansión durante la primera mitad del siglo XIV es muy oscura. En 1335, la tierra aquí se llevó a cabo de Sir Robert Conyers, en 1339 se llevó a cabo otra tierra de Richard de Sayton. (nota 51) John Ward de Thorpe Thewles hizo una carta a Finchale, (nota 52) y Ralph Ward de Thorpe Thewles reconoció una deuda con Roger de Fulthorpe en 1346. (nota 53) La historia de la mansión se convierte en claro de nuevo con un lanzamiento de la misma en 1346 a este Roger de Fulthorpe de Maud viuda de Nicholas Gower de Skutterskelfe. (nota 54) Roger era el señor de Tunstall en la parroquia de Stranton. Alquiló tierras en Thorpe Thewles al Prior de Finchale en 1375–6, (nota 55) y perdió la mansión en 1388 entre sus otras tierras. Fue otorgado en 1389 a su hijo William, (nota 56) y siguió el descenso de Tunstall hasta 1462, cuando Thomas Fulthorpe lo estableció de por vida en Elizabeth, esposa de Richard Conyers, y posteriormente de Robert Pilkington. (nota 57) A su muerte en 1507 (nota 58) pasó a Philippa, esposa de Richard Booth, Juana esposa de William Constable, hijas de Thomas Fulthorpe y Ralph Radclyffe, hijo de su hija Isabel. (nota 59)

La parte de Philippa descendió a su hijo Ralph, (nota 60) que tenía dos hijas y coherederas Anne y Joan.

Anne se casó con Thomas Fulthorpe, y Joan se casó con George Smith, con quien dejó una hija y la heredera Anne, esposa de John Swinburn de Chopwell. (Nota 61) Los Fulthorpe aparentemente desistieron de su reclamo y John Swinburn tomó posesión de este tercio de la mansión. Obtuvo una liberación, aplicando en forma a toda la mansión, de Francis Constable en 1566. (Nota 62) En su atacante en 1570, John Swinburn estaba en posesión de un tercio, que en consecuencia pasó a la Corona. (Nota 63) Los contratos de arrendamiento se hicieron sucesivamente a John Watson, Roger Rante, John Warde, Thomas Holford y Edward Shelton. (nota 64) En 1611 se otorgó en pago a John Eldred y William Whitmore, (nota 65) 'beneficiarios de pesca', contra quienes fue reclamada en 1620 por Christopher Fulthorpe como bisnieto y heredero de Thomas Fulthorpe y Anne Puesto. (Nota 66) Se desconoce el resultado del caso, pero en 1629 (nota 67) Christopher Fulthorpe y su esposa Mary vendieron tierras aquí y en otros lugares a Sir William Blakiston de Blakiston, en Hurworth, cabeza de familia que durante siglos había acumulado lentamente un dominio absoluto aquí. En 1339 William Blakiston tuvo éxito en un messuage y un oxgang (nota 68) en 1424 otro William Blakiston tenía un messuage, 10 acres y 2 roods. (Nota 69) John Blakiston murió en enero de 1586–7, apoderado de un lugar, una casa de campo y 60 acres de tierra aquí. (nota 70) Pasaron bajo su testamento a su hijo William, (nota 71) quien por su matrimonio con la hija y co-heredero de William Claxton de Wynyard (nota 72) adquirió una pequeña propiedad en Thorpe Thewles que había pertenecía a esa familia. (Nota 73) Los Blakiston también pueden haber adquirido las tierras de Finchale en Thorpe Thewles, que de otra manera no se contabilizan. (nota 74) En 1616 Sir Thomas Blakiston vendió parte de su propiedad aquí a John Shaw, quien en 1603 había obtenido de Andrew Davison y Janet su esposa una cesión de tierras aquí y en Carlton y Whitton. (Nota 75) En 1623, su propiedad constaba de 160 acres y valía 60 libras esterlinas al año. (nota 76) En 1634 entregó todas sus 'tierras llamadas Thorpe Thewles' a Alexander Davison, quien dos años más tarde fue indultado por adquirir de él 3 casas, 4 tofts y 300 acres. (Nota 77) La tierra aquí con un alquiler de £ 80 fue confiscada entre las propiedades de los Davison en 1645, (Nota 78) y John Davison de Blakiston estaba entre los propietarios en 1684. (Nota 79) Thomas y Musgrave Davison transmitieron tierra aquí y en Seaton Carew a John Porrett en 1715. (nota 80) Un acto privado obtenido en 1718–19 liberó esta tierra de los usos del acuerdo matrimonial de Thomas Davison y, a cambio, Porrett dio a Davison Thorpe woods y Fulthorpe woods en Grindon, que le había vendido Thomas Davison, padre del inquilino. (fn. 81) In 1740 and 1741 Thomas Davison and Mary his wife granted a rent of £100 from 'the manor of Thorpe Thewles' to Richard Ireland for a term of years. (fn. 82) By 1776 property in Thorpe Thewles had come into the possession of Tempest of Wynyard, with which estate it came to the Marquess of Londonderry, the principal landowner in 1834. (fn. 83)

The share in the manor held by Joan wife of William Constable passed to her grandson Francis Constable of Caythorpe in Rudston (Yorks.). (fn. 84) He appears to have sold it to a member of the family of Kendal, (fn. 85) probably the William Kendal who was described as of Thorpe Thewles in 1575. (fn. 86) William's grandson John Kendal (fn. 87) was probably the freeholder of that name who took part in the partition of the common fields about 1600 and made a conveyance of lands here to William Watson in 1634. (fn. 88) John's son Anthony was in possession of land here in 1666, (fn. 89) his son William in 1684. (fn. 90) William had a son and heir George, buried at Grindon in 1718, (fn. 91) but the later history of this estate is uncertain. It may have been bought up by the Davison family.

Kendal. Party bendwise indented argent and sable.

Ralph Radcliffe's share in the manor was inherited by his daughter and heir Margaret, who married Brian Palmes, attainted in 1569. (fn. 92) This third passed like Swinburn's to the Crown, but Christopher Radcliffe was the tenant in 1569 and Roger Radcliffe, Margaret's cousin, was allowed to succeed in 1581. (fn. 93) He seems to have sold it to Nicholas Tweddell, who was a freeholder in 1600, (fn. 94) and died in 1607 in possession of 300 acres of arable land, meadow and moor held in chief by knight's service. (fn. 95) Robert Tweddell, his brother and heir, (fn. 96) conveyed a third of the manor in February 1621–2 to his brother Francis. (fn. 97) Francis' son Francis was described as of Thorpe Thewles in 1656 and 1673, (fn. 98) and Robert, younger son of the younger Francis, had land here in 1684. (fn. 99) His nephew George made a settlement of his estate in Thorpe Thewles in 1724. (fn. 100) The late history of this portion of the estate is unknown.

The lands of Finchale Priory in Thorpe Thewles included the 3 oxgangs which Geoffrey de Thorpe granted to his sister Maud. (fn. 101) With her husband William de Stotfold she granted them to Stephen de Elwick, clerk, (fn. 102) who conveyed them to the priory. (fn. 103) John de Thorpe granted 3 oxgangs, Robert de Minsterton 3 oxgangs, and Alan de Thorpe 8 acres. (fn. 104) The prior had a manor-house here, frequently mentioned in the accounts of the priory. (fn. 105) In 1495 this manor of Thorpe Thewles was granted to Henry Bowes and Eleanor his wife for thirty years in exchange for land in Monkwearmouth and elsewhere. (fn. 106) In 1521 all the prior's lands here were finally exchanged for Sir William and Sir John Bulmer's lands in Durham and Monkwearmouth. (fn. 107) It has already been suggested that these lands ultimately came into the hands of the Blakistons.

There was a mill at Thorpe Thewles in the 13th century, (fn. 108) and a water-mill here is mentioned in 1570. (fn. 109) In 1857 there was a flour-mill.

Nine oxgangs in WHITTON (Witton, Wytton, xii cent.) were granted by Bishop Hugh Pudsey (1153–95) to Sherburn Hospital by its foundation charter. (fn. 110) Seven of these had been purchased from Alberic and Geoffrey son of Richard, and the other two formed the endowment of the chapel of the vill. Geoffrey de Whitton made a grant to the church of Grindon of 2 oxgangs here, in return for the 9 marks given him by Bishop Hugh for his journey to Jerusalem. He also confirmed to the church 2 oxgangs which Alberic had held of him and had given. (fn. 111) These 4 oxgangs were probably part of the holding already granted by the bishop. Between 1245 and 1269 William de Hamsterley gave to the hospital a piece of land 48 ft. by 18 ft. next his capital messuage of Whitton, between the land of Hugh de Cliveland and the land of John son of Libya. (fn. 112) Lands of the hospital in Whitton were held on lease in 1617 by John Buckle. (fn. 113) In 1717 its estate here consisted of three holdings, each rented at £2 11s. 8d. (fn. 114) The hospital still has an estate here.

Robert son of Adam de Whitton, who witnessed the charter of William de Hamsterley, and also a charter of William de Thorpe to Finchale Priory, (fn. 115) was possibly the ancestor of Thomas Adamson of Whitton, mentioned in 1400. (fn. 116) In 1418 land here was held by the Blakistons of Anne widow of Thomas Adamson. (fn. 117) Her heirs held this lordship in 1468 and 1483, (fn. 118) and in 1533 it belonged to Roger Kirkman. (fn. 119) In or about 1598 Roger Kirkman died seised of a messuage or cottage and 70 acres in Whitton, leaving an heir Thomas Kirkman. (fn. 120) The later descent of this holding cannot be traced.

The Blakistons' land here followed the descent of their manor of Blakiston till 1533 at least. (fn. 121) It may have passed to Robert Ayton, who in 1539 granted land here to Thomas Chipchase. (fn. 122) Thomas had a son Robert, grandson Thomas and great-great-grandson Thomas Chipchase. (fn. 123) The last-named Thomas died in 1763. His sister and co-heir Anne, with her husband John Metcalf and George Atkinson, son of her sister Elizabeth, conveyed the estate in 1764 to Edward Davison of Durham, whose son Edward, a clerk in Holy Orders, was holding it in 1823. (fn. 124)

William Watson of Thorpe Thewles and Elizabeth his wife had acquired land here, the extent of which is not known, from Sir William Gascoigne in January 1609–10. (fn. 125) They conveyed two messuages and 200 acres of land, meadow and pasture in Whitton to Roger Tocketts in 1614 for a term of 60 years. (fn. 126) The freeholders of the vill in 1684 were Anthony Watson, William Watson, Thomas Davison, Thomas Chipchase and Thomas Buckle. (fn. 127)

The earliest known owners of the manor of WYNYARD (Wyneiard, xiii cent. Wynhyard, xiv cent.), which was held in chief for half a knight's fee, (fn. 128) were the family of Chapel or Capella. Robert de Capella witnessed a charter of the time of Bishop Pudsey (1153–95) and answered for half a knight's fee in the bishopric, 'of new feoffment,' in 1166. (fn. 129) Hugh de Capella and Robert his son witnessed a charter concerning land in Thorpe Thewles in the early 13th century. (fn. 130) This was perhaps the Hugh who in 1237 was disputing possession of the vill of Wynyard with Randolf de Fishburn. (fn. 131) A later Hugh, who lived in the reign of Edward I, and was perhaps the Sir Hugh de Chapell living here in 1264, (fn. 132) is said to have had five daughters and co-heirs, Cecily wife of Richard Dalden, Laderancia wife of Peter Wykes, and Orfanca, Elizabeth, and Amice. (fn. 133) His widow Joan married as a second husband John de Denthorpe, who had the wardship of two of the daughters and secured for himself various lands in the manor. (fn. 134) These he gave in 1283 to Sir Henry de Lisle, who also acquired Redmarshall. (fn. 135) Henry's heir was his brother John, (fn. 136) who had a grant of Laderancia's share of the manor from her husband Peter Wykes, and gave all his land here to his daughter Katherine, wife of Alan de Langton. (fn. 137) Alan was described as lord of Wynyard in 1311, when his wife Katherine was still living. (fn. 138) It appears that she was dead in the next year, for Alan de Langton granted to his son Henry all the lands in Wynyard which he held for life, receiving in return an annuity of 10 lbs. of silver and an undertaking that Henry would support him with one servant at Wynyard. (fn. 139) Henry with Margery his wife had a grant of a fourth part of the manor in 1316 from Roger Fulthorpe and Alice his wife. (fn. 140) This, which was evidently one of the shares of the Capella heiresses, Roger and Alice had acquired from Philip de Cuylly. (fn. 141) In 1328 Henry Langton had a release of the manor from John son of John de Lisle, (fn. 142) whose heir he was found to be in 1342. (fn. 143) With his son William de Langton Henry obtained a grant of free warren in Wynyard in 1345. (fn. 144) The manor at that date was held by Henry for life with remainder in tail to William, (fn. 145) who, however, came into full possession before his father's death. He died seised in or about 1349, his heir apparently being his brother John, who paid a fine for relief in that year. (fn. 146) John Langton was dead in November 1350. (fn. 147) The manor of Wynyard is not mentioned in his inquisition, but it appears that it reverted on his death to his father Henry. (fn. 148) In 1351 Henry Langton had licence to grant to another son Simon and Alice his wife land in the vill of Wynyard. (fn. 149) Simon died seised of the manor in or about 1379, (fn. 150) leaving a son Thomas, aged thirteen. (fn. 151) In 1433 Thomas Langton granted the manor to John Drawles and Thomas Tracy for settlement on his wife Sybil for her life. (fn. 152) She died in possession in 1438, when the next heir was Sybil daughter of William Langton, brother of Thomas. (fn. 153) The younger Sybil married Sir Roger Conyers, a younger son of the Conyers of Hornby, (fn. 154) and had a son and heir William. (fn. 155) Sybil, daughter and heir of William, married Ralph Claxton, who died in 1524 holding the manor in right of his wife. (fn. 156) He left a son and heir Ralph, (fn. 157) who settled Wynyard in January 1542–3 on his son William and Margery his wife and their issue. (fn. 158) William did homage for the manor in or about 1578, (fn. 159) and died in 1597, leaving as his heirs his daughters Alice and Anne, married respectively to William Blakiston and William Jennison, and Cassandra wife of Lancelot Claxton, and afterwards of Francis Marley, daughter of an elder daughter Elizabeth, who had married Josias Lambert. (fn. 160) The manor had been settled on these heirs in 1595. (fn. 161)

Langton of Wynyard. Argent a lion sable and a border gules engrailed.

All three shares were acquired during the first half of the 17th century by Alexander Davison. In 1629 William Jennison and his son Henry conveyed to him their third. (fn. 162) In the same year he had a grant of another third from Sir Thomas Blakiston bart., son of Alice and William, and Ralph Blakiston his heir. (fn. 163) The third share had been granted in March 1609–10 by Cassandra Claxton and her second husband Francis Marley to William Jennison, (fn. 164) who after conveying certain lands here to Edward Ewbank (fn. 165) and John his son in 1621 and 1627, settled it on his daughter Elizabeth, on her marriage with Henry Liddell. (fn. 166) In 1633 Henry Liddell and Elizabeth, with Thomas son and heir apparent of Henry, granted it to Alexander Davison. (fn. 167) Davison also acquired two messuages and 320 acres of meadow, pasture and moorland in 1629 from John Ewbank and Philadelphia his wife. (fn. 168)

Davison. Or a fesse wavy between six cinqfoils gules.

Tempest. Argent a bend engrailed between six martlets sable.

Stewart, Marquess of Londonderry. Or a bend checky argent and azure between two lions gules.

Wynyard was sequestered among the lands of Alexander Davison and his son Thomas in 1644. (fn. 169) Thomas had a son Alexander, to whose younger son Alexander Wynyard is said to have passed. (fn. 170) In 1723 it was conveyed by Alexander Davison, son, according to Surtees, (fn. 171) of the last-named Alexander, to George Vane and John Morland. (fn. 172) This conveyance was perhaps in trust for a sale to Thomas Rudd, who is said to have purchased the manor from Alexander. (fn. 173) Land in the manor was conveyed by Thomas Davison of Norton to Thomas Rudd in 1737. (fn. 174) Thomas Rudd sold his estate to John Tempest (fn. 175) of Painshaw (q.v.), and it has passed with that property to the Marquess of Londonderry.

A mill at Wynyard is mentioned in 1549. (fn. 176)

CHURCHES

The church of ST. THOMAS OF CANTERBURY is now in ruins. With the exception of the east end the walls stand their full height, but the roofs have entirely disappeared, and since the erection of the new church in the village in 1848 the building has been neglected and exposed to the weather. It consists of a chancel 23 ft. 6 in. by 16 ft. 6 in., with chapel on the south side 10 ft. 10 in. by 11 ft., nave 50 ft. 4 in. by 21 ft. 6 in., and south porch 9 ft. by 7 ft., these measurements being internal. There was also a bell-turret, containing two bells, over the west gable.

The oldest part of the structure is the chancel arch and part of the walls of the chancel, which are of 12th-century date, but the church was rebuilt, apparently on the old plan, by Bishop Pudsey at the end of the same century, and the whole of the nave is of this date, its style being distinctly Transitional. The chapel on the south side of the chancel was added in the 14th century probably for a chantry, but was known later as the Fulthorpe porch. In 1788 the church was 'nearly rebuilt' and the lead of the roof replaced by slate. (fn. 177) The porch appears to be an addition or rebuilding of this time, when new windows were inserted at the east end of the nave walls and the chancel largely reconstructed.

The chancel arch still stands and is semicircular in form, of a single square order without hood mould, springing from chamfered imposts which run back some distance along the wall at each side. The north wall of the chancel is refaced with 2-in. brick on the outside, or may have been rebuilt in 1788, the old stone being re-used on the inside. The jambs of the north window, however, appear to be old. The greater part of the east wall has been destroyed, but the south-east corner remains and shows the same brick facing. There have been two steps up to the altar pace, but no ancient ritual arrangements remain. The old altar slab of Tees marble is now in the church at Thorpe Thewles. On the south side, now opening into the chapel, is an original small round-headed window with wide internal splay, to the east of which is a two-light square-headed opening inserted when the chapel was erected, or shortly afterwards. The chapel is separated from the chancel by a pointed arch of two chamfered orders dying into the wall at the springing, and is built of rubble masonry, the walls being about 8 ft. 6 in. high. The piscina remains in the usual position in the south wall, and the east window is of three trefoiled lights. On the south side is a two-light window the head and mullion of which are gone, and on the west a single-light opening with ogee head in one stone.

The nave is built of large squared stones in courses and has two original lancet windows on the south side, one on the north, and another at the west end. The heads are all in two stones and without hood moulds, and the openings are 14 in. wide. The two later windows at the east end of the north and south walls probably take the place of former lancets, and in the south-east angle is an arched brick recess which formed the fireplace of the 18th-century Wynyard pew. The south doorway has a pointed arch of two moulded orders and hood mould, the outer order springing from angle shafts with carved capitals and bases, and the inner continued to the ground. One of the shafts is gone, but the doorway, the detail of which is very good, is in a fair state of preservation. The square-headed north doorway is now built up. The porch, like the rest of the building, is roofless, and the lower part of the bell-turret alone remains.

In the churchyard, to the south-east of the building, is a stone coffin and a mediaeval grave slab, on which the name 'Roger de Fulthorp' is visible. It probably was originally in the Fulthorpe porch.

The new church of the HOLY TRINITY, erected at Thorpe Thewles in 1848, was subsequently taken down and replaced by the present building, dedicated to the honour of ST. JAMES, in 1886–7. (fn. 178) It is of stone, in the style of the 13th century, and consists of chancel, nave, south porch, and west tower and spire. The tower contains one bell, cast by Taylor of Loughborough, in 1887. (fn. 179)

The plate consists of a chalice and paten of 1886, given in the following year by Miss Parkin two pewter plates, one inscribed 'Bought for y mi use of Grindon Church 1724. R. C. and J. R. Chu h W.' and a pewter flagon with the mark of Edmund Harvey of London. (fn. 180)

The registers begin in 1655.

A new church school was built in 1899.

ADVOWSON

The church of Grindon, described as then newly built in honour of St. Thomas the Martyr, was given by Bishop Hugh Pudsey to Sherburn Hospital at the foundation of that house, (fn. 181) to which it seems to have been at once appropriated. Mention of a vicar occurs in 1194. (fn. 182) The governors of Sherburn Hospital sold the patronage in 1858 to the 6th Marquess of Londonderry, whose descendant the present Marquess now owns it. (fn. 183)

There was a chapel at Whitton about 1184, when land attached to it was granted to Sherburn Hospital, (fn. 184) and one in Wynyard in 1312, when Henry de Langton, lord of Wynyard, undertook to find two chaplains to celebrate for the soul of Henry de Lisle, one in the church of Grindon, the other in the chapel within the manor of Wynyard. (fn. 185) Neither of these chapels is again mentioned.

CHARITIES

In 1816 George Fleetham, by a codicil to his will, bequeathed £80, the dividends arising therefrom to be applied in schooling, clothing, or apprenticing of four poor children under the age of fourteen years residing in the township of Thorpe Thewles. The legacy is now represented by £88 11s. consols with the official trustees, the dividends of which, amounting to £2 4s. yearly, are applied in small rewards to school children to encourage attendance at the Grindon National Schools, Thorpe Thewles.

The Burton Holgate Grindon Church charity, for the promotion of religious education in the parochial schools and for the distribution of religious literature, was founded by the Rev. William Cassidi by deed, dated 7 January 1876, to perpetuate the memory of the Rev. Thomas Burton Holgate, formerly vicar of Bishopton. The trust funds are invested in stock of the North Eastern Railway Company and consols held by the official trustees. By an order of the Charity Commissioners of 4 February 1907 the stock was apportioned to the educational foundation and the endowment of the church charity. (fn. 186)


The Ricketts Reunion


USS Ricketts (DE-254), a destroyer escort, was laid down 16 March 1943 by Brown Shipbuilding Co., Houston, Tex. launched 10 May 1943 sponsored by Mrs. Milton E. Ricketts widow of Lieutenant Ricketts and commissioned 5 October 1943 at Houston, Lt. Comdr. Glenn L. Rollins, USCG, in command.

Ricketts sailed from New York 22 February 1944 on the first of 12 escort voyages to Northern Europe and back. She saw a burst of flame in the convoy at 2035 on the stormy night of 25 February. Two merchant tankers, El Coston y Murfreesboro had collided, and both ships were badly damaged and burning. Ricketts snatched 33 survivors from the sea, which was covered with blazing gasoline. Her commanding officer was awarded the Bronze Star for his part in this daring rescue, and two other officers and six enlisted men received the Navy and Marine Corps Medal.

The USS Ricketts doesn't really have anything to do with Ricketts, Iowa- but the rest of this website does! If you grew up in Ricketts, be sure to plan on coming to our annual reunion, the third Saturday in July. If you have memories or pictures of Ricketts to share, email them to our webmaster: ted.mallory -at- gmail.com

If you have other funny, kitsch, or corny "Not the same Ricketts" ideas, send them too. Help put Ricketts on the map!


John Steinbeck: Ed Ricketts

John Steinbeck knew Ed Ricketts for eighteen years, first meeting him in a dentist’s waiting room in October 1930, although John has, over the years, given different versions of where they met. Wherever it was, a deep and trusting friendship evolved that shaped both their lives, and certainly helped make Steinbeck the writer he became.

Ed Ricketts, a marine biologist, was bor n in Chicago in 1897 (john was born in 1902 in California), and grew up with a younger sister and brother. According to his sister he “…had a mind like a dictionary and was often in trouble for correcting teachers.” When he left school (college), in 1917, he became something of a hobo, eventually getting home just in time to be drafted into the army, where he served in the army medical corps, and was, according to Steinbeck, a fine soldier. After military service he studied zoology at the University of Chicago, leaving without a degree, choosing instead to walk to Florida, hitching lifts. His wrote up his adventures, which were published in Travel magazine. He then went back to university for a while, got married, had a child, and with his wife, Anna, moved to California, and with Albert E. Galigher set up the Pacific Biological Laboratories - in Monterey - of which, after a few years, he became the sole owner, employing his father to help run the business. Two more children (daughters) came along, and then (at the dentists?) he met John Steinbeck.

From that moment the lives of the two men changed, as John has written:

“ Knowing Ed Ricketts was instant. After the first moment I knew him, and for the next eighteen years I knew him better than I knew anyone, and perhaps I did not know him at all. Maybe it was that way with all of his friends. He was different from anyone and yet so like that everyone found himself in Ed, and that might be one of the reasons his death had such an impact. It wasn’t Ed who had died but a large and important part of oneself.”

When Steinbeck first knew Ed his laboratory was an old building in Cannery Row, which he’d transformed, with the entrance “…a kind of showroom with mounted marine specimens in glass jars on shelves around the walls.”

It was kind of ramshackle and smelly and dusty, with papers stacked everywhere: it resembled the kind of person he had always been: ever so slightly bohemian and on the verge of taking off somewhere else. As Steinbeck writes:

“ Ed believed completely in the theory that a letter unanswered for a week usually requires no answer, but he went further. A letter unopened for a month does not require opening.”

It was probably Steinbeck who kept him there. It couldn’t have been the white rats that Ed kept in cages, all multiplying like…well, like white rats. It was certainly the work, the making and mounting “…and baking…” the delicate microorganisms, the results of which brought in the lab’s income. His work was precise and learned: he was an expert in his field, and Steinbeck loved experts, wanted to learn their skills, and that was the case with Ed, who became something of a brother for John, as he probably did for Ed. They looked alike too, and Steinbeck wasn’t that fond of paperwork either, other than a novel in progress. As Steinbeck has suggested, they saw each other in each other.

Then came the fire (an electrical fault somewhere) with most of Cannery Row destroyed. All that was left of Ed’s lab was a safe, a typewriter, and Ed’s car, even his clothes had gone, although he didn’t have too many of those. Steinbeck describes the aftermath of the fire:

“ After the ashes had cooled, there was the safe lying on its side in the basement where it had fallen when the floor above gave way. It must have been an excellent safe, for when we opened it we found half a pineapple pie, a quarter of a pound of Gorgonzola cheese, and an open can of sardines — all of them except the sardines in good condition. The sardines were a little dry. Ed admired that safe and used to refer to it with affection.”

Ed, along with the rest of Cannery Row who’d been affected by the fire, took the power company to court. What struck Ed was that the idea of objective truth went out of the open windows of the court house as each side presented their own truth as the verdad. Ed had never thought about that before. In his lab he sought and found the objective truth: the reason for the death of a species, and the increase in another. He lost interest in the trial and got on rebuilding the lab, with the safe given pride of place.

We see Ed in all of Steinbeck’s writing after The Grapes of Wrath. John’s growing dry sense of humour starts to occupy his work, and not just Cannery Row, but all of his work, including East of Eden. His ability to incorporate that humour amongst his increased attention to detail, has grown amidst the devastation and the mess of our lives (Ed’s overflowing desk and the white rats) which Steinbeck tackles head on.

I believe all of this came to a head during the marine exploration that John and Ed made in the ’30s, in the Western Flyer,which resulted in the now famous writing collaboration, The Log from the “Sea of Cortez”, which is highly literary, yet wonderfully scientific. You can tell that John was having the time of his life, as Ed must have. You can see the empty fish (and beer) cans strewn across the cabin floor.

When Steinbeck moved to New York the two men saw less and less of each other, and in 1948 there was bad news for John.

There’s no better way of describing what happened than to quote at length from John’s About Ed Ricketts:

“ Just about dusk one day in April 1948 Ed Ricketts stopped work in the laboratory in Cannery Row. He covered his instruments and put away his papers and filing cards. He rolled down the sleeves of his wool shirt and put on the brown coat which was slightly small for him and frayed at the elbows.

“ He wanted a steak for dinner and he knew just the market in New Monterey where he could get a fine one, well hung and tender.

“ He went out into the street that is officially named Ocean View Avenue and is known as Cannery Row. His old car stood at the gutter, a beat-up sedan. The car was tricky and hard to start. He needed a new one but could not afford it at the expense of other things.

“ Ed tinkered away at the primer until the ancient rusty motor coughed and broke into a bronchial chatter which indicated that it was running. Ed meshed the jagged gears and moved away up the street.

“ He turned up the hill where the road crosses the Southern Pacific Railways track. It was almost dark, or rather that kind of mixed light and dark which makes it very difficult to see. Just before the crossing the road takes a sharp climb. Ed shifted to second gear, the noisiest gear, to get up the hill. The sound of his motor and gears blotted out every other sound. A corrugated iron warehouse was on his left, obscuring any sight of the right of way.

“ The Del Monte Express, the evening train from San Francisco, slipped around from behind the warehouse and crashed into the old car. The cowcatcher buckled in the side of the automobile and pushed and ground and mangled it a hundred yards up the track before the train stopped.”

Ed was badly crushed but still alive when a doctor arrived and asked Ed how he was. Ed didn’t know. He lasted a couple of days, living off his strength and vitality, and then within a moment died.

John Steinbeck was shattered.

I believe it was Steinbeck that gave Ed that strength and vitality, and a will to live, to live for his kids and his wife, and his lab, and the folks in Cannery Row. To stay put and not wander off like a hobo again.

In Steinbeck’s Cannery Row, the character of Doc (based on Ed) has been reading.

“ Doc closed the book. He could hear the waves beat under the piles and he could hear the scampering of white rats against the wire. He went into the kitchen and felt the cooling water in the sink. He ran hot water into it…”

Bibliography

Thomas Fensch (Editor) — Conversations with John Steinbeck (University Press of Mississippi, Jackson & London, 1988) John Steinbeck — Journal of a Novel: The East of Eden Letters (Viking Press & Penguin Books, New York & London, 1969–1990) Jay Parini — John Steinbeck: A Biography (Heinemann, London, 1994) Jackson J. Benson — The True Adventures of John Steinbeck, Writer (Penguin Books, New York & London, 1984–1990) John Steinbeck — Once There Was a War (Viking Press, New York, 1958 & Penguin Books, New York & London, 1977) John Steinbeck: America and Americans ( Edited by Susan Shillinglaw & Jackson J. Benson, Penguin Books, New York & London, 2003) John Steinbeck: A Life in Letters (Edited by Elaine Steinbeck & Robert Wallsten, Viking Press, New York, 1975, Penguin Books, USA & London, 1976, Penguin Classics, London, 2001) John Steinbeck: Travels with Charley (The Viking Press, New York, 1962 & Penguin Books, New York & London, 1980, 1997, & in Penguin Classics, 2000) The Fiction of John Steinbeck (The Viking & Penguin Books) John Steinbeck: A Russian Journal, with Photos by Robert Capa ( The Viking Press, New York, 1948 & Penguin Classic, New York & London, 1999 & 2000) John Steinbeck: Bombs Away: The Story of a Bomber Team (The Viking Press, New York, 1943 & Paragon House, New York, 1990) Carlos Baker: Ernest Hemingway — A Life Story (Wm. Collins Sons, London, 1969) Arthur Miller: Timebends — An Autobiography (Methuen, London, 1999)


Monday, May 14, 2007

Some historic photos

If you think that Ricketts is a small town NOW, just take a look at what Main Street ORIGINALLY looked like, facing South.

Here's Hugo Ricks and Nick Dryfus working for Dray Line freight. Bet they'd give UPS or FedEx a run for their money!

Presidential candidates Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton, John Edwards, Mitt Romney, John McCain. yeah, they haven't bothered campaigning in Ricketts yet- but hey, back when the town was only 11 years old and had a population of 102 (not counting surrounding farms) the Governor of Iowa itself came and paid us a visit. Suppose the town of Carroll was named for him?

You named it WHAT?

Family portraits of some of the founding residents (and possibly name sakes). Left, the Henry Ricks family. Right, George Sciford's family.

The folks who put together the 75th Jubilee history book back in 1974 weren't sure how the town of Ricketts got it's name exactly. The Chicago Northwestern Rail Road said only that it was named for an early settler. So why isn't there anyone around here named Ricketts today? Some people think that it was just named for some guy who worked for the railroad.

Turns out it was supposed to be named "Sciford" after the family who sold the land on which the town was built, but Mr. Sciford didn't like that idea and told the town fathers to find something else.

Some say that a bachelor farmer who lived east of town is said to have been the first to have plowed up the prairie around these parts. His name was Ricketts and he died just about the time Sciford declined the honor, so they named the town for him. That would explain why there are not Ricketts families around today.

One last theory was that the Railroad had originally meant to build the depot near the farm of one Henry Ricks (later changed to Rix). They instead built it a mile West but somehow his name sort of became the towns name.

Whatever the reason, they're stuck with it now. One nice thing is that even though nobody named Ricketts lives here, back in 1999 as part of the town's centennial people with the last name of Ricketts from all over the United States held their first NATIONAL family reunion. All kinds of folks, presumably at least vaguely related came from all over and made friends here in "the middle of nowhere."

May 10, 1899

The Ricketts Depot of the NorthWestern Rail Road c. 1906?

I pulled this from the Rickett's 75th Jubilee book, so it's originally from either the Charter Oak Times or Schleswig Leader, but I'm not sure which- May 10th, 1899--- Town of Ricketts--- May 11th Town of Schleswig. These towns will have a railroad soon and are good openings for all kinds of businessess and professions. These towns are in the midst of the best, richest and most prosperous farming districts in Western Iowa.

Men's underwear 19¢
Men's solid leather boots $1.48
Ladies' Oxfords 42¢
Baby shoes for 29¢

Jacob Dieber died of a nose bleed at the age of 33


An American Family History

Martha Wilson Ricketts was born on March 15, 1760 in Maryland. Her parents were Robert Wilson and Mary Douglas.

Thomas Ricketts was born on November 23, 1753 in Elizabethtown, Frederick (then Montgomery) County, Maryland which is now Hagerstown, Washington County. His parents may have been Anthony and Mary Ricketts.

Thomas and his brother, Edward Ricketts, were captains in 1779 in the fighting at Frankstown and the lead mines. Edward, Thomas and Robert were rangers on the frontier with the Bedford County Militia 1778-1783

Thomas had been married before to Ruth Adamson. They married in 1778. She was born July 10, 1758 in Montgomery County, Maryland. Her parents were John Adamson and Polly Spires.

Thomas and Ruth's children were born in Montgomery County, Maryland:
Hezekiah Ricketts (1779, married Sarah Collier) and
Mary Ricketts Roberts (1781, married William Roberts).

At the time of the 1790 census, the Thomas Ricketts family was in Montgomery County, Maryland. The household consisted of

a man over 16 ( Thomas),
two boys under 16 (?, Hezekiah),
and two females (Martha, Mary).

Elizabeth Ricketts Crump (January 13, 1791, married John Crump),
Thomas G. Ricketts (September 20, 1792),
Robert Wilson Ricketts (August 21, 1794),
Margaret Ricketts Baker (October 1, 1796),

In about 1797, they moved to Jessamine County, Kentucky.

Nancy Ricketts (March 13, 1799),
Benjamin Franklin Ricketts (July 29, 1801),
Martha Ricketts Davis (August 10, 1804, married William Davis) and
John Douglas Ricketts (December 11, 1806).

Thomas Rickets appeared on the 1800 tax list of Jessamine County.

Thomas wrote his will on January 6, 1827 and died August 22, 1828 in Jessamine, Kentucky.

In 1830 Martha Rickets appeared as the head of household in Jessamine, Kentucky. The household consisted of a woman between 70 and 79, and a man between 20 and 29. They had a young man enslaved.

In 1850, 90 year old, Martha was living with her daughter Martha Davis' family in Jessamine County.

About 1715 English, Scottish and German settlers found their way to the Montgomery County, Maryland area. It was officially established from Charles, Prince George's, and Frederick counties in 1776.

John Adams, Jr. (1735-1826) was the second President of the United States (1797–1801), the first Vice President (1789–1797).

Jessamine County, Kentucky Will Book Abstracts
Thomas Ricketts, Last Will & Testament
- 6 Jan 1827
Martha Ricketts, wife
My children, to wit, Hezekiah Rickets, my three daugthers Betsy, Peggy and Nancy, my daughter Patsey, my son, John
My daughter Polly Roberts
Sons Thomas, Robert, Benjamin and John Rickets, a certain tract of land in Clark County, Indiana
Executors: sons Thomas Ricketts and Benjamin Ricketts
Witnesses: John H. Soper, Henry Webber, James Soper

1783 Assessment, Montgomery County, Maryland

John Adamson. Montgomery County, Lower Newfoundland, Rock Creek, and North West Hundred, p. 1. Maryland State Archives S 1161-8-2 1/4/5/51

Kentucky: A History of the State, Battle, Perrin, & Kniffin, 5th ed., 1887,

William Davis, son of Henry B. Davis, passed the early portion of his life on the old place and then began farming in Madison County. Subsequently he married Martha, daughter of Thomas Ricketts, and early settler from Maryland who located in Jessamine County and took up his residence on the old Ricketts homestead, where he passed an honorable and useful life as a farmer.

He was a consistent member of the Baptist Church and a man of integrity and uprightness of character. He died in 1875, aged seventy-five years his widow is still living at the age of eighty-two years, being a member of a family remarkable for longevity, her mother living to be ninety-two years of age and her brother, John Ricketts, being now eighty years of age.

Robert Wilson Ricketts was the most distinguished minister that has been connected with this Association. He was born in Maryland, Aug. 23, 1794. His parents emigrated to Jessamine county, Ky., when he was about three years old. Here he was raised up, receiving a limited common school education, and learning the trade of a gunsmith, by which he ultimately acquired a handsome property.

In 1815, he was married to Sally Williams Thomas, a grand-daughter of the distinguished Elder David Thomas of Virginia.

He professed conversion, and was baptized into the fellowship of Friendship church in Clark county, by W. Rash, about 1823. In 1830, he moved to Henry county, and gave his membership to the church at Newcastle, where he was licensed to preach, in 1833, and ordained to the ministry, the following year. For some years he was active and zealous in exhorting and persuaded sinners to repent and turn to the Lord, even leading his daughter forward for prayer, during a protracted meeting at Newcastle. In 1838, he moved his membership to Mt. Pleasant church in the same county, and thereby became connected with Sulphur Fork Association, of which he was chosen moderator, the same year. He also preached the introductory sermon before that body, three successive years. There was much excitement in the Association, on the subject of missions, during this period and Mr. Ricketts, who had spent the first seven years of his Christian life in one of the churches of Licking Association, took strong grounds against the benevolent institutions of the times.

He was a good preacher, for that day, a man of strong convictions, and a bold, persistent executor of his purposes. With such fitting qualifications, he naturally became the leader of the Antimissionary party, in his Association. The result was a schism in the body, in 1840, and the organization of Mt. Pleasant Association, of which Mr. Ricketts was generally moderator, from its constitution, to the close of his pilgrimage. Of course, after his connection with this fraternity, which was Antinomian in doctrine, as well as Antimissionery in policy, his ministerial labors were of little value to the cause of Christ. He was called to give an account of his stewardship, Jan. 1, 1856.

Of his children, the late Dillard Ricketts of Indiana was a prominent rail road man, and a large capitalist, and Luther Ricketts of Henry county, Ky., is a prominent citizen and a good business man.

A History of Kentucky Baptists from 1769 to 1885
by J. H. Spencer, Vol. II, 1886. (Mount Pleasant Association).

Frederick County, Maryland was created in 1748 from parts of Prince George's and Baltimore Counties. In 1776 it was divided into Washington, Montgomery and, Frederick Counties. In 1837 parts of Frederick and Baltimore Counties formed Carroll County.

Marriages of Jessamine County, Kentucky 1799-1850, compiled by Bill and Kathy Vockery, 1990.

Benjamin Ricketts to Rebecca Soper 26 Jan 1825 John H. Soper, bondsman returned 27 Jan. 1825 married by George G. Boon

Robert W. Ricketts to Sally W. Thomas 23 Jan 1816 John Thomas, bondsman returned 24 Jan 1816 married by John Metcalf, Methodist

Jonathan Baker to Margaret Ricketts 30 Jul 1824 Thomas Ricketts, bondsman returned 5 Aug 1824 married by George G. Boon

John Crump to Betsy Rickett 10 Nov 1810 William Roberts, bondsman Thomas & Martha Rickett, parents of bride, consent

Martin Davis to Nancy Ricketts 10 May 1819 Allen Fullelove, bondsman Thomas Ricketts, father of the bride, consent returned 13 May 1819 married by George C. Boon

William Davis to Martha Ricketts 17 Aug 1829 John D. Ricketts, bondsman John D. Ricketts, brother of the bride, consent returned 17 Aug 1829 married by H. J. Perrry

William Roberts to Mary Ricketts 10 Feb 1807 Thomas Ricketts, bondsman

los First Barbary War (1801–1805) was between the United States and the Barbary States of Tripoli and Algiers.

de Kentucky Records, Early Wills and Marriages, Old Bible Records and Tombstone Inscriptions. Volume One, by Julia Spencer Ardery, 1926, pp 162-3.

Marriages
William Davis and Martha Ricketts were married August 19, 1829.

Births
Thomas Ricketts, Sr., was born November 23, 1753.
Ruth Ricketts was born July 10, 1758.
Martha Wilson Ricketts was born March 15, 1760.
Elizabeth Ricketts, of Martha, was born January 15, 1791.
Thomas Ricketts, of Martha, was born September 20, 1792.
Robert W. Ricketts, of Martha, was born August 21, 1790.
Margaret Ricketts, of Martha, was born October 1, 1796.
Nancy Ricketts, of Martha, was born March 13, 1799.
Benjamin Ricketts, of Martha, was born July 29, 1801.
Hezekiah Ricketts, of Ruth, was born October 27, 1781.
Mary Ricketts, of Ruth, was born October 27, 1781.
Martha Ricketts, of Martha, was born August 10, 1804.
John D. Ricketts, of Martha, was born December 11, 1806.

William Davis, April 5, 1801.
Martha R. Davis, August 10, 1804.
Maranda A. Davis, June 16, 1830.
Thomas A. Davis, November 9, 1831.
Elizabeth M. Davis, March 10, 1833.
William M. Davis, April 15, 1835.
Robert W. Davis, November 22, 1836.
John P. Davis, May 2, 1839.
Luther A. Davis, March 30, 1841.

Deaths
Thomas Ricketts, August 22, 1828.
Elizabeth Ricketts Crump, August 10, 1829.
Hezekiah Ricketts, February 16, 1841.
Thomas Ricketts June, November 30, 1844.
Martha W. Ricketts, September 11, 1850.
Robert W. Ricketts, January 1, 1856.
Elizabeth M. Davis died January 6, 1860.
William M. Davis, died August 18, 1864.
William Davis, Sr., August 21, 1875.
Mary R. Roberts, February 4, 1863.
Margaret R. Baker, July 18, 1866.
Nancy R. Davis, July 3, 1873.
Martha Crews Ricketts, February 4, 1878.
Benjamin Ricketts, October 22, 1881.
Martha R. Davis, September 3, 1888.
John D. Ricketts, December 18, 1890.
Robert W. Davis, October 28, 1895.
Luther A. Davis, June 21, 1905.
Maranda A. Magee, March 19, 1897.
John P. Davis, March 30, 1911.

Kentucky was originally a Virginia county and included the lands west of the Appalachians. In 1780, it was divided into Fayette, Jefferson, and Lincoln counties. Kentucky officially became a state on June 1, 1792.


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